Did you know that cloning of marijuana plants is possible? It sounds like some kind of mad scientist experiment in science fiction, but compared to growing from seeds, cloning a cannabis plant has advantages and cloning a plant via cannabis cuttings is easier than you think.
What is cloning and why would you want to clone a marijuana plant?
There are two methods you can take to breed cannabis plants. The first method is through sexual reproduction, where male plants are pollinated with females through pollination to produce seeds. These seeds can then be planted to create a genetic hybrid of the two female mother plants. The second method is the cloning of marijuana, also known as asexual reproduction.
Clones are root marijuana cuttings, genetically identical to the plants from which they are taken. Cloning has many benefits and can promote its popularity among commercial and home growers. When done correctly, hemp cloning can not only save costs, but also provide your garden with a higher level of active ingredient stability and yield uniformity.
What is the purpose of Cloning Hemp plants?
By cloning marijuana, you can create new crops with exact replicas of the best plants. Since the genetics are the same, you will get plants with the same characteristics. Therefore, if you happen to come across a strain that you really like, it may be necessary to clone the plant from which it is derived so that you can produce more buds with the same characteristics. If you want to select and replicate plants with the desired characteristics, such as cannabinoid profile, aroma, yield, active ingredient levels (CBD or THC), growth time), consider getting clones from your garden.
Cloning not only saves you time and money by eliminating the need to plant new seeds, it also ensures that your crops are genetically indistinguishable. Furthermore, cloning is the answer to self-sufficiency. Under the right conditions, you can permanently preserve a phenotype for as many crops as you need without having to restart the seed.
Amateur cannabis cloning
It is relatively easy to start cloning in your garden and only requires a few key elements:
- A scalpel for cutting hemp cuttings (try not to use scissors when picking up marijuana cuttings as they tend to crush the branches, making rooting much more difficult)
- Some water
- A means of rooting
- A rooting hormone
When selecting mothers to clone, look for plants that are healthy, robust and about two months into the growing season. If you can’t wait to wait, give it at least three weeks before making the first cut: at this point in the growth phase of the plant, the cannabis cuttings will have a better chance of rooting.
Preparing the mother plant for cutting will require a few steps:
- Make sure you do not fertilize the plant in any way in the days before taking the marijuana cuttings. This will allow the nitrogen to escape from the leaves of the plant. When you take marijuana cuttings, an excess of nitrogen in the leaves and stems will trick your clones into trying to grow vegetation instead of diverting energy to rooting.
- Work in a sterile environment. Do everything you can to have sterilized work tools for processing both mother plants and new cannabis cuttings.
- Look for lower branches that are sturdy and healthy. If you are transplanting into rock wool, match the stem with the root hole of your cubes to get a proper fit. Otherwise, try to make cuts between 8-10 inches with several knots present.
- Cut as close to the main stem as possible with your razor at a 45 degree angle to the branch. This will increase the surface area of the rooting space, promoting faster growth.
- Immediately place the cutting as soon as it is cut in the water to avoid the formation of air bubbles in the stem. The bubbles will prevent water from circulating in the stem and can kill a new clone. Many growers choose to make additional root incisions prior to this step, claiming this helps increase rooting potential. Take this time to do this before transferring the cannabis cuttings to the water.
The most delicate phase
After taking several hemp cuttings and transferring them to water, it’s time to arrange the leaves to help support proper photosynthesis and create a healthier environment for the roots. Use scissors to clamp the leaf about halfway down the stem. You can also cut back unnecessary leaves to prevent the leaves from coming into contact with the growing medium. This way, you can not only help the clone absorb nutrients and water, but also prevent the leaves from coming into contact with each other.
What we will have to keep in mind to irrigate our hemp cuttings, will be the water at an optimal pH, in fact it is known that for marijuana on the ground a value of about 6.0 is preferred. If you irrigate your cannabis plants with water at the wrong pH it may be that they will die. Cannabis light (and not) is an extremely delicate plant and to be treated with care, if you do it perfectly it can be (indeed, certainly) that they will provide you with a special harvest.
At this point, you may want to soak your fresh stems in a rooting hormone. Root jelly, powder, and other hormones can provide additional support for optimal growth. There are various products on the market, many are perfect and work great. After a quick dip in some hormones, the clones are transferred to the final medium.
Choosing a root medium (rooting)
When it comes to rooting cannabis cuttings, there are three predominant schools of thought:
- Use rockwool cubes or a non-soil equivalent. Rockwell provides a great environment for rooting clones due to its fantastic airflow along with moisture retention.
- Directly your clone in the ground. When using soil, don’t choose one with an abundance of nutrients and make sure you don’t flood or dig up the soil when trying to root your clones.
- Root in the water. Cloning water does not require the use of hormones or rooting media. Just leave the cutting in the water and keep it there until the roots and new growth begin to develop.
Each of these schools of thought has its pros and cons. Experiment to see which method is best for your growing place. Either way, make sure the clones get enough moisture and at least 18 hours of light per day.
Many growers choose auto-cloners to bypass much of the work associated with feeding and caring for clones. These automated units do away with most of the work by continuously supplying oxygen, light and water to the clone. The downside is that they can be expensive.
Here’s How To Make Marijuana Cuttings Step by Step
Step 1: Separate the hemp cutting from the mother plant
The first step is the most delicate of all, in fact we will have to separate the hemp cutting from the mother plant, they should have about 3-4 knots, to start, therefore, you have to choose a branch and cut the stem between the third and fourth knot, as soon as it is done it will need to be immersed in a glass of water to prevent it from drying out and dying.
Step 2: Rooting the cannabis cuttings
The second step, that of the rooting of cannabis, it is extremely delicate, in fact with the help of a scalpel we make under the third knot a diagonal cut and scrape some skin of the external stem, then we spread the stem with rooting hormones and we introduce it in a jiffyHowever, let’s not forget to cut the large leaves in half and sprinkle them with a little formulex so as to guarantee the necessary nutrients for this particular phase.
Step 3: Plant the hemp cutting
After waiting about 2-3 weeks from the second step we are finally ready to transplant our marijuana cuttings. Taking great care not to damage the roots of our hemp cutting, we plant it in a pot with half the substrate, once transplanted we fill the rest of the pot with more soil. After doing this, to take care of our cannabis cuttings we will always irrigate with water at pH 6.0 and a humidity in the growing area between 80% and 90%.
Which pot is best for marijuana cuttings?
Our team of Grace Genetics experts has always considered theair pot as the best pot for marijuana cuttings, as for any other crop, thanks to its truly unique advantages including the most important ones of guaranteeing excellent air circulation at the roots and expelling excess water so as not to risk rot radical, but also the fabric vases they are a great choice for these same reasons, we strongly advise against the classic plastic pots.
Hemp plants for sale:
Online there are numerous websites that sell cannabis light cuttings, in particular, hemp plants are offered for sale at an excellent affordable price to anyone, especially those who want to skip the germination phase and the first weeks of vegetative growth. Legal hemp plant price: a legal hemp cutting is offered for sale online at a price of around 4 euros, really affordable for anyone.
Transplanting your Rooted Marijuana Cuttings
When you begin to see new vegetative growth on the clone, you will know when you are ready to transplant the roots. At this point, you may want to consider transplanting the clone to a larger container. This process will require the same care and hygiene as cloning marijuana, because you don’t want to agitate the plant further during the transplant shock. Shock after transplanting is common during the cloning process, also make sure you have time to stay healthy and don’t overload the plant during the process.
Facilitating a successful light cannabis cloning regiment can work wonders for you by saving time and money and ensuring a consistent harvest. You don’t need much to get started, and when done right, you can guarantee an indefinite perpetual harvest that will produce the most desirable plants for you all year round. Hemp cuttings grow perfectly in greenhouses and mini greenhouses. All this is known because hemp cuttings being very fragile at the beginning it is preferable to leave them for a while in a mini greenhouse.