7 simple tips to increase Terpenes levels in our cannabis cultivation.
What are terpenes?
Terpenes – the aromatic compounds that give different scents to cannabis – have quickly become a topic of discussion among growers and consumers. Produced by secretory cells found in the plant’s trichomes, terpenes are found between cannabinoids and other oils produced by the plant. These terpenes have been shown to work directly with THC and other cannabinoids to influence and improve the effects of different strains. Not only that, it is common for consumers to make a purchase decision based on the perfume given by buds.
As we learn more about their ability to enrich the effects and benefits of cannabis, many growers are wondering how to best capture these delicate and fragrant terpenes for an even tastier harvest. In this article, we will take a look at some simple ways to increase terpenes production in our beloved plants.
Choose high-quality genetics
Not all strains are created equal. Even the world’s best growers can’t make goat grass look like Super Silver Haze! If you want a high-quality and fragrant variety, don’t skimp when it comes to buying seeds or clones.
Grow your cannabis in the soil
Whether you are growing indoors or outdoors, quality cannabis production in the ground is known to produce a tastier product. Many associate this with the complex nutritional profiles that can be found in soils. Just like the growth of wine, food or cattle breeding, cannabis grown in specific soils in specific regions can take on unique flavors.
When growing a tasty cannabis, it is essential to have good, not too strong sun exposure. If you grow outdoors, make sure there is space between the plants so that each leaf receives the correct amount of light. Inside, provide lights that offer a healthy spectrum range.
Low Stress Training (LST)
A little stress can help a lot in the production of trichomes and therefore of terpenes. There are numerous low stress training methods (LST) and other more intensive methods that can help you get truly fragrant gems.
Training your plant by tying the branches or pruning the lower branches during flowering will help direct the energy towards the other flowers to produce more trichomes. You can also remove the leaves around the buds or expose your plants to colder night temperatures.
As with any type of training, you will need to pay close attention to the needs of your plants. If the process becomes too heavy for your plants, you may see decreased yields and quality. In addition to the nightmare of each cultivating section of plants that develop hermaphrodism.
Wash your cannabis plants
Two weeks before harvest, you should stop feeding your plants. Nutrients accumulate in the buds and overwhelm the wonderful and natural flavors they produce. By giving your plants a source of pure water, all excess nutrients will slowly be disposed of and leave you with a clean and aromatic end product.
Why is it necessary to lower the temperatures at night?
A new cultivation technique aimed at increasing the terpenes in one’s cannabis plants will involve lowering the temperature of the growing area by about 5 ° C during the night compared to the day. Attention, this step is extremely important but we must not get carried away with the drop in temperatures as too low temperatures could easily cause serious environmental stress to the plant, and in some cases could even be the cause of its death.
Leaving the plants too long will cause the trichomes to break, altering their chemical content. Using a magnifying glass or a portable microscope, you can observe the color and shape of the trichomes that will help you determine when your cannabis is ready for harvest.
Treat the sprouts with care and attention
Trichomes are fragile and every time you handle a sprout, you could destroy some of these delicate trichomes. Avoid this by gently handling the buds and limiting the frequency with which the buds are moved. Encourage trimmers to be nice and hold a stem if possible.
Hardening – or the slow drying process of your buds – is one of the most important ways to preserve and celebrate the terpenes of your most recent crop. Keep temperatures low, lights off and humidity constantly around 45-55%. With proper care, the chemical composition of the buds will change making the smoke tastier and more pleasant.
Store your buds
After following all the steps outlined above, you are sure to have produced some of the purest, most potent, and flavorful quality weed. After all the effort, however, we should pay due attention to how we store our buds to avoid the formation of mold or fungi that would completely ruin our splendid product.
We recommend following these parameters for perfect cannabis storage:
- Keep the buds completely in the dark
- Maintain humidity between 45% and 55%
- Keep a temperature of maximum 20 °C
- Open the jar containing the buds for a couple of hours a day to let the weed breathe properly