Dry Cannabis without making mistakes
After months of hard work taking care of your cannabis plants carefully, you have finally collected and can’t wait to try. This is one of the stages where a wrong choice can ruin entire months of work as well as having wasted a lot of money.
But first, they must be dried.
While it is tempting to dry cannabis as quickly as possible, maturing, a lengthy process of removing moisture from flowers in controlled environmental conditions, will provide a better product for many reasons.
Proper care of Cannabis significantly increases the quality of the product
Cannabis plants through the CBG precursor produce tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) and other cannabinoids through a process called biosynthesis. For example, THCA becomes the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis, THC. This process does not stop completely when you knock down your plant; if you store the freshly harvested cannabis at temperatures between 15 and 20 ° C and the humidity level between 45-55%, the conversion of non-psychoactive cannabinoids to THCA will continue, and your shoots will gain power. Quick drying in hot and dry conditions interrupts this process much faster.
Maturing affects the aroma and the quality of the smoke
Many of the aromatic compounds (terpenes) that give the cannabis a unique smell and taste are quite volatile and can degrade and evaporate at temperatures as high as 22 °C. A slow cure at low temperatures will preserve these terpenes better than a rapid and warm drying process of cannabis.
These conditions also create an optimal environment for enzymes and aerobic bacteria to break down advanced minerals and unwanted sugars produced by the decomposition of chlorophyll during the drying process. The presence of these sugars and advanced minerals is what causes the severe burning sensation of the throat that is obtained from smoking.
DRY AND CONCIATE, WHY DO IT?
Drying hemp flowers will cause some important functions to occur, which will improve the quality and shelf life of the final product. Freshly harvested cannabis tops contain plenty of water and must be processed before being smoked. The reason? Firstly, the bitterness produced by smoking freshly picked peaks is very high. Water removal helps reduce bitterness and blow up terpenes. Secondly, mushrooms thrive in a dark and humid environment. By properly drying flowers, the possibility of cloaking mold can be greatly reduced.
Tanning is very important because it helps protect your grass so that it can be stored over time, maintaining its unique flavor and maximizing its effectiveness. When collecting the tops, they contain excessive amounts of sugar and starch, which will eventually be attacked by bacteria and enzymes present in the air. Therefore, by fertilizing the tops, you can favor the degradation of these nutrients, so that the final smoke is softer and with a better flavor.
IDEAL HUMIDITY LEVELS.
To have a great final product, you will have to hang the tops in a dark room with a humidity range of 45% to 55%.
DURATION OF THIS FUNDAMENTAL PROCESS
In general, the drying phase depends on various parameters: temperature, humidity, present airflow and the size and compactness of the tops. In fact, the larger, denser peaks take longer than small, less compact peaks.
Under ideal conditions, however, on average this process will last from 1 to 2 weeks.
Cure preserves your cannabis
Proper care allows marijuana to be stored for long periods without worrying about mould or loss of cannabinoid content. Well, tended flowers can be stored in a watertight container in a cool, dark place for up to two years without significant loss of power.
How to dry and cure your cannabis
There are many ways to cure cannabis sprouts for Cannabis Drying, but most people use a variant of a simplified method. Even if you can freeze drying, cure water or also treat the tops with dry ice, we will focus on the easiest and safest way to get the best results from your harvest.
Drying the cannabis phase early
The way you complete this step will depend on how you collect your cannabis. The most popular method is to cut 12-16 “branches from plants, remove unwanted leaves and then hang branches from a rope or thread. Some growers cut and hang whole plants, while others cut the shoots from the branches and position them on cannabis drying racks. You can completely manicure the flowers before drying or wait until later.
Dry Cannabis Step by Step
Regardless of the method used, you will need to keep the cannabis collected in a dark room with temperatures within 15-20 ° C and humidity between 45-55%, with a small fan to gently circulate the air. This is essential to preserve the flavour and aroma of the sprout harvested in the finished product. So it’s advisable to have a dehumidifier, an A / C unit or another method to ensure that the conditions remain within this range. With this method, you can dry the cannabis without risk while preserving the organoleptic qualities. When the flowers feel a little crunchy on the outside, and the smaller branches break, you are ready for the next step. Depending on the density of the flowers and the environmental conditions, it may take 5 to 15 days to complete the initial drying.
Manicure your buds and separate them from the branches, if you have not already done so.
Place the cut buds in a type of airtight container. Jars for wide mouth preserves are the most used container, but it is also possible to use ceramic, metal, wood or plastic bottles.
Some people use baking bags, which are entirely in place, but most plastic bags are not suitable for polymerisation as they are not impermeable to oxygen and can degrade when they come into contact with certain terpenes present in cannabis. Pack the flowers gently in your containers, filling them up to the top without compacting or crushing the buds.
Seal the containers and place them in a cool, dry and dark place to complete the curing process. By the first day, you will notice that the buds are no longer crunchy and dry on the outside since the moisture from inside the flowers rehydrates the outer portions. If this is not the case, you have dried the cannabis too much.
During the first week, open the containers several times a day and let the flowers “breathe” for a few minutes. This allows moisture to escape and replenish oxygen within the container. If you notice the smell of ammonia when opening a bottle, it means that the buds are not dry enough to be treated and that anaerobic bacteria consume them, which will lead to mould and rotten cannabis.
After the first week, you will only have to open the containers once every few days. After 2 or 3 weeks in bottles, your cannabis will be sufficiently cured to offer a quality experience. But 4 to 8 weeks of nursing time will improve it even more. Some strains benefit from 6 months or more of care. The tanning process is perhaps the most neglected aspect of cannabis production, but thanks to manual cannabis drying the quality of our buds will increase significantly. After our article, we are sure that cannabis drying will no longer be a problem.