The cultivation of hemp in Spain as in many other European countries was one of the largest industries of the past. Cultivating hemp was mainly used in the production of ropes for the naval sector, contributing to the development of navigation.
For many years hemp fiber was the economic support of thousands of Spanish families; thanks to the excellent climate and fertility of this European country. But then with the advent of the industrial revolution this cultivation was gradually abandoned; therefore source of income was influenced by changes in the law, promoted by economic interests from third countries. Would you like to know how important and can hemp certified in Spain be?
History Of Cannabis Crops In Spain
The cultivation of hemp plants for fiber in Spain dates back several centuries, approximately from the 5th century BC. Thanks to the excellent climate of this land, its cultivation spread rapidly throughout the territory
Some research shows that during Christopher Columbus’ expeditions to America, the sails and other components of the ships are made from this material. At that time in the Middle Ages, the Spanish kingdom became a world power, thanks to hemp.
In its diffusion it involved many other regions including: Andalusia, Aragon, Galicia, Catalonia or the Valencian Community. Even today you can visit the hemp museum in the city of Callosa del Segura, in the province of Alicante, this shows how important the cultivation of this plant was in some parts of Spain.
Unfortunately this diffusion changes during the years (30s and 40s), when marijuana is banned in the United States and the first synthetic fibers such as nylon appear. In this country during a war he brought extermination of hemp all over the world and Spain would have been no exception.
Spain belongs to the European Union, which has approved the cultivation of hemp for industrial use since 1999, as long as certain rules are respected. Spanish companies that want to grow the “plant” can also apply for subsidies granted by the EU and also have the possibility of planting up to 25 different varieties of hemp seeds.
The return of this fantastic plant
It is currently making a comeback thanks mainly to the medicinal components of the plant. Growing fiber isn’t very profitable, but there are more and more products on the market that contain CBD, so there’s a rebound in this industry.
A few years ago, the Spanish association of hemp producers and processors (AEPTC) was founded in Granada (Andalusia) to allow small businesses to join forces and at the same time raise awareness of a unique model of sustainable development, providing advice to new companies that want to enter a sector that continues to grow.
Some of the most important companies in the sector have entered the medical market, directly or through third parties. There are even cases like Cafina SL which after obtaining the license to produce medical cannabis was absorbed by the giant Canopy Growth from Canada
The best known case is that of Alcaliber SL belonging to the Torreal group, which was sold to Linneo Health and has already collected medical marijuana in Spain. This company produces morphine and theine, with Bayer as the main customer and now also involving the German cannabis market.
However, there are still companies that are dedicated to growing industrial hemp in Spain to obtain seeds. The nutritional power of hemp is already known, but thanks to the trend of super foods these days they are consumed like never before. Among the most important plants in the country are the Galihemp cooperative in Lugo, Celulosa de Levante in Tarragona, Agrofibra in Barcelona, Agrosa semillas in Guadalajara and Taller Textil de Triste in Huesca.
In order to have your legal hemp plantation in Spain, you need to meet five indispensable requirements:
- Request authorization from your agricultural consortium.
- Buy seeds of varieties certified by the European Union.
- Submit the seed certification to the local regional agricultural office, along with a report on the use and final destination of the product.
- Register the plantation in the general register of agricultural production, also presenting the memory of use and the final destination.
- Inform in various offices of the Civil Guard and Seprona in the area
Licenses to grow medicinal hemp in Spain
In the case of Spanish producers of hemp for medicinal uses, the permits are a bit more complicated. The competences in this sense range from the Ministry of Agriculture to the Ministry of Health; Whenever you want to get CBD or create products with medicinal properties, you need to have the approval of the Spanish agency of medicine and health products.
Nowadays, it is not easy to get a license to grow medical hemp in Spain, only 5% of all applications have been granted in recent years. Hopefully this can change in the short term as other countries are regulating the sector and business opportunities multiply.